Historical information indicates that horse racing was popular in India and Ancient Greece in 1000 BC, and maybe even earlier. Horse racing was the main part of the program of the ancient Greek Olympic Games, which was conducted from the 7th century BC.
At first only chariots harnessed by four horses participated in races. Later competitions were supplemented by horse racing, racing boys competitions and chariot racing with pair of harnesses. The place of the horse racing served as a racecourse with a circle of length about 300 meters. The Olympic Games were such an important event that the winners of the contest were glorified as true heroes.
The next turn in the history of races happened when the thoroughbred horse breed appeared. A special racecourse was created in the 17th century by members of the British royal family, titled aristocrats and their stewards. For crossbreeding were brought purebred Arabian stallions and selected the most valuable English mare, derived from other breeds, including the Berberian.
Thanks to the selection selection of the XVIII and XIX centuries, the newly created thoroughbred horse breed began to possess large sizes and best speed characteristics. In the XVIII century, very rarely could see a thoroughbred horse with a shoulder height of 15 palms.
A century later this growth was considered normal. Due to the improvement of speed qualities of horses, the distance of races significantly decreased: the former 6.5-9.5 kilometers decreased to 5 or less. At shorter distances, not stamina was demonstrated, but the speed of the breed. In addition, horses became more mature, and age limits for horse racing also declined.
In the XVIII century, horse races in the UK acquired the first national rules and regulations on horse races. At the same time, the first Jockey Club was created, authorized to control horse racing. From that moment on, official records were fixed, pedigree horses were recorded in tribal books, and their nicknames were subject to registration.
Participation in horse races became a peculiar indicator of authority. The owner of the horse himself had to sit in a saddle, to plant a boy or a stable boy instead of himself if a small weight was required. Each owner had a distinctive color, and the color of the stable of the jockey winner was fixed. This tradition is still observed in jumps with the participation of pure-blooded riders. If the horses of standard breeds are involved, then the colors of the jockey, and not the stables, are taken into account.